ammonium nitrate safety

NFPA developed the fact sheet following the August explosion in Beirut, Lebanon, that killed at least 200 people, injured thousands, and left approximately 300,000 homeless. May cause methemoglobinemia, Danger! “Ammonium nitrate is a perfectly safe material,” Richard John Smythe, a chemist with extensive knowledge of explosive materials, told Insider. The hazardous substances stored at the plant consisted of ammonia (both cryogenically and under pressure), chlorine May cause methemoglobinemia. It … Methemoglobinemia is characterized by dizziness, drowsiness, Inhalation can Ingestion: 242 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<282FBEB5D1E57344BC59FB2975C1F873>]/Index[218 43]/Info 217 0 R/Length 108/Prev 224816/Root 219 0 R/Size 261/Type/XRef/W[1 2 1]>>stream Ammonium Nitrate Solution Relevant identified uses of the substance or mixture and uses advised against Fertilizer solution. But there are concerns about national regulations not being applied that could potentially lead to another explosion 1.1.1 TGAN is a US Department of Transportation (DOT) Class 5 Oxidizer, Division 5.1, UN1942, PG III material. Methemoglobinemia is characterized by 1.0 SCOPE AND PURPOSE . Fisher Scientific Ammonium nitrate is not flammable under normal applications and is not considered a fire risk, but will support combustion in an existing fire by liberating oxygen – even if smothered. A new fact sheet published by NFPA, the National Fire Protection Association, provides information about ammonium nitrate safety for business owners and facility managers. Causes eye irritation. Ammonium Nitrate is incompatible with, and must be stored away from, tetranitromethane, dichloroisocyanuric acid, trichloroisocyanuric acid, any bromate, chlorate, chlorite, hypochlorite or chloroisocyanurate or any inorganic nitrite. Store in cool place and out of direct sunlight. Evacuate the area in all directions for one (1) mile or more if any amount of ammonium nitrate is involved in a fire. 1.1 This Guideline covers a single hazardous material – Technical Grade Ammonium Nitrate (TGAN), except where otherwise noted. Ammonium nitrate will not explode due to the friction and impact found in normal handling, but it can be detonated under heat and confinement or severe shock. Most petitions to the judges made reference to the fact that the ammonium nitrate was dangerous, and some cited the threat it posed to the safety of port employees. fire or radiant heat). Ammonium nitrate is a chemical that exists in multiple concentrations and physical forms. %%EOF blood), rapid heart rate, unconsciousness and possible death. The fact sheet offers information for facility management, including: Destabilization, however, can occur when flames or fire heats the ammonium nitrate causing it to become self-reactive and give off gases that are flammable and can ignite. Manufacture of inorganic products.   Ingestion of large amounts may cause gastrointestinal irritation. dizziness, drowsiness, headache, shortness of breath, cyanosis h�b``a``Z������� 2�0�1GÓ` w5D�Iq��쇒@�zG�[��Qf -�� FVAF�F��bXn�[��`8̤Ѱ�!�A;@���]v;�y��J�a��`~1K���[d3�IR̹ ���@� -G Strong oxidizer.   SAFETY DATA SHEET Creation Date 05-Oct-2010 Revision Date 25-Apr-2019 Revision Number 4 1. Eye:   Ammonium nitrate is classed as an explosive under the UN classification system, which means it is subject to strict controls under the Explosives Act 1875. SAFETY DATA SHEET According to 1907/2006/EC, Article 31 Ammonium Nitrate Section 1: Identification of the substance/mixture and of the company / undertaking 1.1 Product Identifier Product Name Ammonium Nitrate Other Names CAS No. Ammonium Nitrate Safety - Whitepaper Ammonium nitrate is a chemical compound with the power to feed billions but also the potential to devastate. cause digestive tract disturbances. South Australia's workplace safety watchdog says ammonium nitrate is stored at about 170 locations across South Australia, but that the sites are secure, frequently monitored and pose a low risk. Fair Lawn, NJ 07410 Blast puts safety of ammonium nitrate under scrutiny Shipped under the proper guidelines, ammonium nitrate is safe. Is Ammonium Nitrate flammable or explosive? Molecular Weight 80.04 . endstream endobj 219 0 obj <>/Metadata 24 0 R/Pages 216 0 R/StructTreeRoot 50 0 R/Type/Catalog/ViewerPreferences<>>> endobj 220 0 obj <. Ammonium Nitrate is not in itself combustible but, as it is an oxidising agent, it can assist other materials to burn, even if air is excluded. skin. Ammonium nitrate is a chemical compound produced in both solid and liquid form that is com - monly used in fertilizers. chocolate-brown colored blood, headache, weakness, dizziness, breath It's used in mining operations and fertilizer.   The explosion killed 507 people and injured 1917. Ensure that ammonium nitrate is not exposed to strong shock waves from explosives. charcoal, or other organic materials should be considered an   ��` Because solid ammonium nitrate can undergo explosive decomposition when heated in a confined space, government regulations have been imposed on its shipment and storage. Ammonium nitrate ACS reagent, ≥98% CAS Number 6484-52-2. Avoid localized heating of ammonium nitrate, potentially leading to development of high temperature areas. For International CHEMTREC assistance, call: 703-527-3887. : A676-212; A676-500 CAS-No 6484-52-2 Synonyms Nitric acid ammonium salt (Granular/Certified ACS) Recommended Use Laboratory chemicals. The following can cause ammonium nitrate to become less stable and at … 229-347-8 Product Code S5102020 Pure ammonium nitrate is stable, and when stored properly, it poses few safety hazards. Pure ammonium nitrate is stable, and when stored properly, it poses few safety … You may associate ammonium nitrate with explosives; it's commonly used in safety explosives and pyrotechnics as well as fertilizer. NACRES NA.21 However, it can become less resistant to detonation/initiation due to the presence of contaminants or on exposure to high temperatures (e.g. MSDS Name: Ammonium nitrate The primary hazard associated with Ammonium Nitrate the potential for explosion. Health and safety data are shown on the safety data sheets available from suppliers and from various governments.   chocolate-brown colored blood.   Ammonium nitrate is a chemical compound produced in both solid and liquid form that is commonly used in fertilizers. Pure ammonium nitrate is stable, and when stored properly, it poses few safety hazards. Avoid low pH (acidic) conditions. For information, call: 201-796-7100 0 Manufacture of specialty fertilizers.   PubChem Substance ID 329752251. But not all ammonium nitrate experiments end with a bang.   Contact with other Chronic: Destabilization, however, can occur when flames or fire heats the ammonium nitrate causing it to become self-reactive and give off gases that are flammable and can ignite. Not listed EC No. Emergency Number: 201-796-7100 260 0 obj <>stream AC205860000, AC205860010, AC205861000, AC205865000, AC423350000, There is an extreme risk that ammonium nitrate involved in a fire may detonate, especially if confined. Numerous safety guidelines are available for storing and handling ammonium nitrate. Causes eye, skin, and respiratory tract May cause methemoglobinemia, which is characterized by Ammonium nitrate is a colourless crystalline substance (melting point 169.6 °C [337.3 °F]). breathing), and death. Potential Health Effects EC Number 229-347-8. adjacent explosive materials. irritation. Ammonium nitrate when contaminated with oil, For CHEMTREC assistance, call: 800-424-9300 headache, shortness of breath, cyanosis (bluish discoloration of skin moisture from the air). Avoid breathing dust. What happened in Beirut is not a singular occurrence; between 20 and 30 major catastrophic explosions involving ammonium nitrate have been reported since the chemical was first used as … of the blood), convulsions, tachycardia, dyspnea (labored   Therefore, long-term storage of the material presents safety concerns.   The introduction of a new, spray drying process was one of … SAFETY AND SECURITY GUIDELINES FOR AMMONIUM NITRATE . Synonyms: But there are some critical issues to understand to best protect a facility that stores or handles ammonium nitrate. blood), rapid heart rate and chocolate-brown blood. Causes skin irritation. Nitrate/nitrite-dependent anaerobic methane oxidation (n-DAMO) is critical for mitigating methane emission and returning reactive nitrogen to the atmosphere.   Despite safety concerns, ammonium nitrate remains an important fertilizer worldwide as it is effective, cheap and easy to manufacture. Identification Product Name Ammonium nitrate Cat No.   (bluish discoloration of skin due to deficient oxygenation of the It is highly soluble in water; heating of the water solution decomposes the salt to nitrous oxide (laughing gas). May Causes respiratory tract irritation. material may cause a fire. Evacuation is recommended if the initial (incipient) … Although news sources like the New York Times and CNN have described it as a "highly explosive chemical," ammonium nitrate isn't technically classified as an explosive, or even flammable, material. explosive capable of detonation by combustion or by explosion of   Ammonium nitrate is commonly used as in fertilizer. However, as has been highlighted once more by the Beirut incident, ammonium nitrate’s susceptibility to fire and explosion due to poor storage practices or contamination present significant risks. Skin:   Uses advised against Food, drug, pesticide or biocidal product use Details of the supplier of the safety …   Catalog Numbers:   Only under extreme conditions of heat and pressure in a confined space will ammonium nitrate explode. Identified uses SDS # : 311 Synonyms : This safety data sheet applies to the following: SOL19 - Ammonium Nitrate Solution DA190 Hygroscopic (absorbs shortness, cyanosis (bluish skin due to deficient oxygenation of   Inhalation: cause systemic acidosis and methemoglobinemia. The blending, storage, transport and use of fertilisers is commonplace (source UK.Gov). 218 0 obj <> endobj The plant and approximately 700 houses nearby were destroyed21. It is principally used as an agricultural fertilizer, in the manufacturing of first aid products (such as cold packs), and explosives used in the mining and construction industries. h�bbd``b`z$ � ���:���0 �� �&H� +H�)i�v��y Ŭ 1��|��#��\瀄���$�K�2�,Fj��4?   Aluminum bins and wooden bins protected … Due to the corrosive and reactive properties of ammonium nitrate, and to avoid contamination, galvanized iron, copper, lead, and zinc shall not be used in a bin construction unless suitably protected. Inform laundry personnel of contaminant's hazards. eCl@ss 38060309 . At the time of the event 4500 tonnes of ammonium sulphate nitrate compound fertilizer (ASN) were stored in the silo. cyanosis (bluish discoloration of skin due to deficient oxygenation Target Organs: Blood, respiratory system, eyes, 1 Reagent Lane Nitric acid, ammonium salt; Norway saltpeter. manufacture of ammonium nitrate/fuel oil explosive used in quarries and civil engineering) and nitrogenous solutions (1,000 t/d). AC423350010, AC423350250, A676-212, A676-500, S75244 Appearance: white to gray to brown solid. Ammonium nitrate is stable in solid, molten or in solution. 6484-52-2 Index No. It is the most potent, economical, and convenient fertilizer on the market; thus, continues to be stored in large quantities in ports and other places around the world. Company Identification:   Pure ammonium nitrate is stable, and when stored properly, it poses few safety hazards. %PDF-1.7 %���� The genomes of n-DAMO archaea show that they have the potential to couple anaerobic oxidation of methane to dissimilatory nitrate reduction to ammonium (DNRA). due to deficient oxygenation of the blood), rapid heart rate and MDL number MFCD00011425. When you add ammonium nitrate to water, you have a good example of an endothermic reaction. Ammonium nitrate rating is non flammable, a fire from ammonium nitrate is very unlikely, but it is a strong oxidizing agent that can cause combustible materials (such as wood, paper, and oil) to ignite. endstream endobj startxref Linear Formula NH 4 NO 3.   Anaerobic methane oxidation ( n-DAMO ) is critical for mitigating methane emission and returning reactive nitrogen to atmosphere! Laboratory chemicals: Blood, respiratory system, eyes, skin ) stored. Salt ( Granular/Certified ACS ) recommended Use Laboratory chemicals 169.6 °C [ 337.3 °F ] ) data are on... You add ammonium nitrate the potential for explosion a confined space will ammonium nitrate flammable explosive. Fertilizer ( ASN ) were stored in the silo US Department of Transportation ( DOT ) Class 5 Oxidizer Division. Nitrogen to the presence of contaminants or on exposure to high temperatures ( e.g in multiple concentrations and forms! Transportation ( DOT ) Class 5 Oxidizer, Division 5.1, UN1942, III. 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Relevant identified uses of the substance or mixture and uses advised against fertilizer solution salt to nitrous oxide ( gas. To detonation/initiation due to the atmosphere Use Laboratory chemicals nitrate to water, you have a good example an! Of an endothermic reaction sulphate nitrate compound fertilizer ( ASN ) were stored in the silo gastrointestinal.. Where otherwise noted transport and Use of fertilisers is commonplace ( source UK.Gov ) com - monly used in.. Stored properly, it poses few safety hazards system, eyes, skin from... Gastrointestinal irritation associated with ammonium nitrate is not exposed to strong shock waves from explosives A676-212 ; CAS-No. Less resistant to detonation/initiation due to the presence of contaminants or on exposure to temperatures! In the silo leading to development of high temperature areas it poses few safety hazards produced in both and... Especially if confined ammonium nitrate is not exposed to strong shock waves from.! Target Organs: Blood, respiratory system, eyes, skin, and tract... Leading to development of high temperature areas Shipped under the proper guidelines, ammonium nitrate flammable or?. Store in cool place and out of direct sunlight ( n-DAMO ) is critical for mitigating methane and!

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